sparta reconsidered

The common assumption that Sparta lacked artistic achievements is incorrect.

  • Pausanias, traveling through Sparta in the second century AD, recorded hundreds of significant buildings – temples, monuments, tombs, and public buildings – that were part and parcel of Spartan art and culture.


  • According to contemporary sources, Sparta was particularly renowned for its music and dance.


  • Spartan sculptors were active in pan-European sites such as Delphi and Olympia.


  • Spartan bronze works were coveted as gifts and imports.


  • Spartan poets were admired throughout the ancient world – and it was one of these who wrote the first recorded heterosexual love poems known today.

Art and Architecture